A child is an orphan when:
- both parents are dead
- one parent is dead or unknown or has abandoned and failed to provide for the child and the other parent is also unknown or has abandoned and failed to provide for the child.
A claim cannot be made for child(ren) living with a parent, adoptive parent or step-parent or for children in residential or foster care.
The child must also be under age 18, or under age 22 if in full-time education by day at a recognised school or college.